Rural China in transition a picture of rural life in 3 families – Sohu news-www.replays.net

Changes in the local China: before the rural life picture – 3 family consisting of the Sohu news have never been to Shanghai, so the rural Shanghai is full of imagination. Downtown Shanghai people think there should be a lot better than the rural Midwest town, but got there only to find, even in Shanghai, there are many dilapidated villages. However, unlike western dilapidated rural areas, dilapidated rural areas of Shanghai are mostly where indigenous farmers were already in town, but most rural farmers in Shanghai, the memory of childhood. Shanghai rural dilapidated hidden dream: many foreign farmers — they leave the hometown, in a corner of the rural areas of Shanghai, looking for a family development of hope. In rural Shanghai struggle, the farmers from Anhui most, so in the Shanghai suburb of Anhui restaurants everywhere. In addition to Shanghai workers, there is a considerable population here farming concept that produced a relatively and "migrant workers" of the word "peasant". They are husband and wife or his family came to the outskirts of Shanghai rural grain or vegetables. Some people realized in the change of the city residence, but most people are back home after decades of wandering. One of the family Li Xinyu family is many wandering. Li Xinyu is Anhui people, 39 years old this year. In 1994, he graduated from the University of Shanghai to follow their parents to work hard. At that time Li Xinyu’s grandparents, parents and sister one family by relatives, started in Shanghai Minhang District Maqiao Town, a village with the price of 600 yuan per rented more than 30 acres of vegetables, one family lived in the village to provide free warehouse, busy all year round, no employees, net income of 2000 yuan per mu. The past two or three years, the village land expropriation, one family moved to another village, where has rented more than 20 acres of land to grow vegetables. Later found coal business is good, he rented two acres of land to the village, invested thirty thousand or forty thousand yuan to open briquettes plant, dedicated to the hawker stalls supply of briquettes. Briquette factory almost done 10 years. Later, Li Xinyu’s younger brother after graduating from high school from home to Shanghai together. In 2008, briquette factory do, the Li Xinyu family has saved three million yuan, they borrowed about 1000000 yuan, to the village rented 15 acres of land to build a warehouse logistics business. The warehouse area of more than 7000 square meters, and at that time the village is 15 years after the agreement to warehouse all the village, after the expiration of priority right to use, do the logistics business almost every year to net 4489 yuan. In 2011, the warehouse occupied land have been requisitioned. Because the procedure is not complete, the warehouse is characterized as illegal construction, Li Xinyu home received a total of about 7000000 yuan of the demolition compensation — if in accordance with the formal workshop to compensation, the number of compensation in 10 million yuan. After the compensation points within the family, parents back home endowment, leaving Li Xinyu and brother in Shanghai to continue to work hard. My brother got compensation for the District of Qingpu to do the logistics business, the income of four million yuan per year, also bought a house there. Li Xinyu also with their own part of the money to continue to do business and logistics agency Fengxian District nanqiaozhen, now a monthly income of more than twenty thousand yuan. But Li Xinyu is still not.

变迁中的乡土中国:3个家庭构成的乡村生活图景-搜狐新闻   之前从未到过上海,因此对上海的农村充满了想象。上海的繁华让人觉得那里的农村应该比中西部的县城要好很多,但到了那里才发现,即使在上海,也有很多破败的乡村。   不过,与中西部破败的农村不同,上海农村的破败大都是因为那里的原住农民都已经进城,农村不过是大多数上海农民儿时的记忆。上海破败的农村隐藏着许多外地农民的梦想――他们背井离乡,在上海农村的一隅,寻找家庭发展的希望。   在上海农村的奋斗者中,来自安徽的农民最多,因此在上海郊区随处可见安徽特色的餐馆。除了来上海务工,还有相当大的群体在这里务农,以至于产生了与“农民工”一词相对的“农民农”的概念。   他们大都是夫妻或举家来到上海郊区的农村种粮或种菜。有的人实现了在这个城市户籍的转变,但是大多数人都是在漂泊几十年后回到故乡。   李新雨的家庭就是众多漂泊的家庭之一。   李新雨是安徽临泉人,今年39岁。1994年,他大学毕业后到上海跟随父母打拼。当时李新雨的爷爷奶奶、父母和姐姐一家人经亲戚介绍,开始在上海闵行区马桥镇一个村以每亩600元的价格租了30多亩地种蔬菜,一家人住在村里提供的免费仓库,一年忙到头,没有雇工,每亩地纯收益2000多元。过了两三年,村里土地被征收,一家人就搬到了另外一个村,在那里又租20多亩地种菜。后来发现煤球生意比较好,就向村里租了两亩地,投资了三四万元开了煤球厂,专门给小摊小贩供应煤球。煤球厂差不多做了有10年。后来,李新雨的弟弟高中毕业后从老家到上海一起打拼。   2008年,煤球厂不做了,李新雨家里已经攒下了二三百万元,他们又借了100多万元,向村里租了15亩土地建仓库做物流生意。仓库面积有7000多平方米,当时和村里的协议是仓库15年之后归村里所有,到期后享有优先使用权,做物流生意每年差不多能够净赚四五十万元。   2011年,仓库所占土地也被征用。因为手续不全,仓库被定性为违章建筑,李新雨家总共得到了700多万元的拆迁赔款――如果按照正式厂房来赔款,赔偿数目则在1000万元以上。   赔偿款在家庭内分了之后,父母回老家养老,剩下李新雨和弟弟在上海继续打拼。弟弟拿到赔偿款后到青浦区做物流生意,每年收入四五十万元,还在那边买了房子。李新雨也带着自己那部分钱到奉贤区南桥镇继续做物流和代理生意,现在每个月的收入两万多元。但李新雨还在不断寻找新的投资机会,想重新找一个地方种菜。   李新雨已经在上海打拼了20多年,有了自己的事业,和同时出来的老乡相比,他和弟弟基本上算是成功者。尽管如此,李新雨仍然觉得自己是个农民,他觉得自己仍然游离于上海这座城市之外:“变成上海人,何止困难,简直比登天还难”。   李新雨2001年结婚,娶的是老家的媳妇,婚后生了3个小孩,两个大的是儿子,大的13岁,小的11岁,最小的女儿才3岁。孩子们原本跟着他和妻子在上海生活,但到了儿子读初中的时候,妻子带着孩子回到老家县城去念书――因为小孩无法在上海读高中,也无法参加高考。一家人只能分居两地。   李新雨始终没有在上海买房。房价便宜的时候,家庭财富都投入到了生意中,后来房价高了,就更没有机会买房了。   李新雨觉得自己现在非常矛盾:因为超生,他无法取得上海户籍,也没有在上海买房,现在一家人分居两地,他在上海找不到归属感;另一方面,李新雨已经不适应家乡的生活,他觉得家乡的发展环境不好,回去之后无所适从,权衡之下只能留在上海继续打拼。   李新雨的家庭代表了一种典型的外地农民在上海的奋斗史。从他们家庭进城奋斗的历程来看,有3个典型特征:一是全家奋斗模式,全家人为了生活一起打拼,父母、爷爷奶奶是家庭奋斗的坚实后盾,而子女是家庭奋斗的真正希望,因为只有他们才是最有可能在这个城市扎根的人;二是多种经营模式,种菜、开煤球厂、搞仓储物流等,他们一直在尝试抓住市场的机遇,并不固守单一的经营模式,在多种经营中完成家庭财富积累;三是财富积累的不稳定性,由于家庭奋斗和城市发展嵌入的太过紧密,以至于城市发展的每一个微小变动,对他们都有较为深刻的影响,在城市发展征地的过程中,他们不断迁移,没能在哪个地方稳稳站住脚跟,最终家庭投资最大的产业因为征地而不得不重头再来。相关的主题文章:

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